Python ipqueue

No Longer Maintained

This software is no longer maintained.

ipqueue has been deprecated in favor of nfqueue. You can download a Python nfqueue module which should support all the functionality of ipqueue. In Debian or Ubuntu, you can just

# apt-get install libnetfilter-queue-python

This page remains here for those who know what they're doing and are still using the old libipq. This software will not compile with the backwards-compatibility library provided by nfqueue.


This is the Netfilter userspace IPQueue module for Python. It allows you to do all your Linux IPQueue stuff from the comfort of Python. This only works with Linux.

Put in simpler terms, this is a way to hook a Python script into your kernel's networking stack. This could be the fundamental building block of a firewall. You can use it to snoop on traffic, modify or discard certain packets, make routing decisions, masquerade stuff, whatever--and you get it all with garbage collection :)

Apparently this program appears in a book called "Security Power Tools". That means I'm Internet Famous!


This software is no longer maintained (see above).


GPL, of course.


This software is no longer maintained (see above). Support requests will be politely redirected to the newer nfqueue bindings.

Screen Shots

Here's an example program which transparently proxies all traffic it gets to port 25 of This is just an example, a real-world transparent proxy would be much more sophisticated.

#! /usr/bin/env python

import ipqueue
import iputils

rewrite = 1

q = ipqueue.IPQ(ipqueue.IPQ_COPY_PACKET)
while 1:
    p =
    tcp = iputils.TCP(p[ipqueue.PAYLOAD])
    print "Got %s -> %s on hook %d" % (iputils.ntoa(tcp.saddr),

    if rewrite and p[ipqueue.HOOK] == 0:
        tcp.daddr = iputils.aton("")
        tcp.th_dport = 25
        q.set_verdict(p[0], ipqueue.NF_ACCEPT, tcp.to_str())
        q.set_verdict(p[0], ipqueue.NF_ACCEPT)
Neale Pickett